Moon Photography Tips
If you plan on photographing the moon, first of all make sure you have a long telephoto lens – at least 300mm.
The moon is really far away so the stability of the camera and good image stabilisation are paramount for getting the best shots.
There are 2 ways to photograph the moon: handheld, or with the camera mounted on a tripod. If you are planning to use a tripod make sure to turn the image stabilisation off and use a remote shutter releaser or the 2 seconds timer.
If you are planning to capture the image handheld you will need to have very steady arms, but you could also use a monopod or rest the camera on something stable. I rest my hand on my balcony door, which is opened.
I personally use a 200mm lens with a 2x teleconverter mounted on a crop factor camera which makes a total of focal-length of 600mm. It’s more than enough for me.
I usually capture the moon in aperture priority and I set my light meter in spot metering mode.
Then I set my aperture to the largest value, from this distance the moon appears flat so you won’t need a wide depth of field, and also I set my exposure value to -2 stops.
I set the ISO until my shutter speed reaches a value close to 1/600.
If you plan to capture the moon in manual mode:
I usually set my shutter speed to 1/800 – a little higher than the focal length.
ISO will depend how bright the moon is, set it to 200 and take a test image. Zoom in fully to check if the moon is sharp enough.
Then check the brightness and adjust the ISO accordingly.
Watch the sky, be patient, and start taking pictures early when the moon is at a low angle, close to the horizon lane, and watch the sky for planes, birds or helicopters. If you are in a big city, you have a big chance to catch more interesting images than just the moon on its own.